{Mahdism Dictionary - No. 11-17}



m- The moving creature of the Earth

It refers to the emergence of the moving creature of the Earth. This event has been mentioned both in the Shia and Sunni narrations and it’s referred to as one of the signs of the Day of Judgment. Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) said: “Inevitably, ten things will occur before the Day of Judgment: Sufyani, Antichrist, the moving creature and …” *1

What makes this event important to the Shia, are the narrations which refer to “the emergence of the moving creature of the Earth” as the return (Raja’at) of Imam Ali (PBUH). Imam Baqir (PBUH) said: “After describing himself, Imam Ali (PUBH) said: “... I am the moving creature who speaks to people...” ” *2 Among the Sunni Muslims, it has been extensively discussed what the essence of “the moving creature” is and how it emerges.

In conclusion, there are two different interpretations concerning this matter: 1- Some have considered it as an unusual inhuman living thing which looks strange. 2- Referring to numerous narrations, others consider it an extraordinary, moving, agile, active and powerful human.

(1- Al-Ghayba al-Tusi, p. 436; 2- Usul al-Kafi, v. 1, p. 198)


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D- The Dajjal (antichrist)

It is of the signs of nearing the great doomsday at the Reappearance era. Dajjal means “gilt” in Arabic and for this reason, liar people who misrepresent the false as truth are called Dajjal. According to the narrations, he is a tyrant that will deviate people from the truth at the Apocalypse. There are mentions about him in the teachings of Christianity, Islam and Jewism. In the Shia narrations, this is known to be coincident with Imam Mahdi’s (PBUH) Reappearance.

There are some possibilities regarding Dajjal:

1- It is not the name of a specific person and every person who plans to mislead people by deception and trick is Dajjal and in fact, it is a group of tricksters. Many of these Dajjals are mentioned in the narrations-about 12 to 70. *1 Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “70 Dajjals would appear before the main Dajjal appears.” *2

2- Among these Dajjals, the one who is superior to the others in lying and deception and his devilry is the greatest, is the sign of Imam Mahdi’s (PBUH) Reappearance. Or in other words, he is the main Dajjal.

One of the impressive and considerable points is that in the numerous Shia and Sunni narrations, most of the followers of Dajjal are Jews. And it is mentioned in the Sunni references that Dajjal will be killed by Prophet Jesus (PBUH).

(1- Bihar al-Anwar, v. 52; 2- Kanz al-Ummal, v. 14 )



R- Raj’at

The definition of “Raj’at” is getting alive again of the true believers and pure infidels at the time of the Reappearance. “Raj’at” means return in the dictionary. It means returning to the place where we have already been there.

The term, “Raj’at” means: “The return of two groups of dead people to the world, the pure believers and the pure infidels, the same as they were before. This return occurs after the Reappearance and before the Resurrection, so the true believers, will be gladden for the establishment of the universal government of justice and the infidels, will grieve for the abjection and abasement of the oppressors.” (Al-Rasa’el al-Sharif, volume 1)

The emphasis on acceptance of the “Raj’at” by the people has been mentioned in the narrations, like: Imam Sadiq (PBUH) said: “He, who does not believe in our “Raj’at”, is not one of us.” (Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih, volume 3)

He, who believes in seven things, is a true believer. One of them is to believe in “Raj’at”. (Wasa’il al-Shia, volume 20)

That is why; there are many Shia scholars who consider the belief in the “Raj’at” as one of the necessities of the religion.



R- The returnees

The narrations about the returnees to the world are numerous which we will mention some of the most important ones:

Imam Sadiq (PBUH) has said:

 “No believer is killed until he is returned to die a natural death and nobody is returned unless a pure believer or a pure pagan.” *1

 “The first person who is returned to the world is Hussain ibn Ali (PBUH) and his companions, also Yazid ibn Mu‘awiya and his companions that Imam will perish them one by one.” *2

 “There will be 13 women along with Qa’im … to treat the injured and attending them…” *3

It has mentioned in some narrations that at the time of passing away, Imam Mahdi (PBUH) will put his head on Imam Hussein’s knees, and pass away and Imam Hussein (PBUH) will conduct his funeral and he will rule many years after Imam Mahdi (PBUH). *4

)1. Tafsir Qomi, v. 2; 2. Tafsir Ayyashi, v. 2; 3. Dalael al-Imamah, p. 259 ; 4. Kafi, v. 8, p. 206)



P- The Psalms of David (PBUH)

In the Quran, the name of Prophet David’s book is mentioned as Zaboor (Psalms). This book is a collection of chants and advices of Prophet David (PBUH) in which there have been promises of the Reappearance of the promised savior.

Z- Ziarat Nahiya Muqaddasa ( Ziarat of the holy Person)

Nahiya literally means “from a person”. During the Minor Occultation, Imam Mahdi (PBUH) was called as “Nahiya”. Someone named Irbili called it a code to be used between the Shias and Imam and his close companions and says that the Shias knew Imam by this name during that time.

And this is a Ziarat (pilgrimage prayer) that is attributed to Imam Mahdi (PBUH). Some Shia scholars have confirmed it, too. The text of the Ziarat is directed to Imam Hussain (PBUH) and martyrs of Karbala, and excellent concepts have been mentioned in it.

Ziarat Nahiya Muqaddasa has stated the tyrannical actions of Bani Umayya in such a way that all people of the world would understand what a huge crime was committed against the progeny of the Prophet (PBUH) in Karbala. No other Ziarats have expressed the intensity of the disaster of Karbala like Ziarat Nahiya Muqaddasa. Usually this Ziarat is recited only on Ashura day.



D- The Delegation Organization

It refers to an organization for facilitating people’s communication with Imam Mahdi (PBUH) during the minor Occultation. One of the most important organizations that took shape during the Imams before Imam Mahdi (PBUH) was the Delegation Organization. The magnanimous Imams established it for making people ready to tolerate the major Occultation of Imam Mahdi (PBUH). This organization has been established from the time of Imam Musa al-Kadhim (PBUH) to let the affairs be done by the competent people.

S- Samarra

Samarra is the birthplace of Imam Mahdi (PBUH) and the burial place of Imam Hadi (PBUH) and Imam Hassan Askari (PBUH). The basement which was the place of worship and rest of the Imams is also there. There are many narrations indicating that Imam Mahdi (PBUH) lived with his father in Samarra.




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